There has been significant progress made in eliminating the harmful commit, but more is needed, and flying, if we are to end it once and for all .
FGM is a misdemeanor of girls ’ and women ’ second fundamental homo rights.
What is female genital mutilation?
Female genital mutilation ( FGM ) is a procedure performed on a charwoman or girl to alter or injure her genitalia for non-medical reasons. It most frequently involves the partial or sum removal of her external genitalia. FGM is a violation of girls ’ and women ’ sulfur fundamental human rights .
Why is it practiced?
In many of the countries where FGM is performed, it is a profoundly entrenched social norm rooted in sex inequality where violence against girls and women is socially acceptable .
The reasons behind the practice change. In some cases, it is seen as a rite of passage into womanhood, while others see it as a way to suppress a woman ’ randomness sex. many communities practice genital mutilation in the belief that it will ensure a girl ‘s future marriage or family respect. Some associate it with religious beliefs, although no religious scriptures require it .
Why is female genital mutilation a risk for girls and women?
FGM has no health benefits and frequently leads to long-run forcible and psychological consequences. medical complications can include severe pain, prolonged run, infection, sterility and even death. It can besides lead to increased hazard of HIV transmission .
Women who have undergo genital mutilation can experience complications during childbirth, including postnatal bleeding, spontaneous abortion and early neonatal death .
psychological impacts can range from a daughter losing hope in her caregivers to longer-term feelings of anxiety and depression as a charwoman .
progress to end FGM needs to be at least 10 times faster if the practice is to be eliminated by 2030 .
How prevalent is female genital mutilation?
While the claim number of girls and women worldwide who have undergo FGM remains nameless, at least 200 million girls and women aged 15–49 from 31 countries have been subjected to the drill.
There has been significant progress made in eliminating the practice in the past 30 years. Young girls in many countries nowadays are at much lower risk of being subjected to FGM than their mothers and grandmothers were in the past .
however, progress is not cosmopolitan or fast enough. In some countries, the practice remains as coarse today as it was three decades ago. Over 90 per penny of women and girls in Guinea and Somalia undergo some form of genital mutilation or cutting.
progress to end FGM needs to be at least 10 times faster if the drill is to be eliminated by 2030 .
How is the practice evolving?
In many countries, FGM is increasingly carried out by trail health concern professionals – in irreverence of the Hippocratic Oath to “ do no injury ”. Around 1 in 3 adolescent girls ( 15-19 years ) who have undergone FGM were cut by health personnel .
Medicalizing the practice does not make it safer, as it calm removes and damages healthy and convention weave and interferes with the natural functions of girls ’ and women ’ south bodies .
In some communities, the commit has been driven underground rather than ended, leading to girls being subjected to cutting at younger ages amidst greater privacy .
enemy to the practice is building though. In countries affected by FGM, 7 in 10 girls and women think the exercise should end. In the last two decades, the proportion of girls and women in these countries who want the drill to stop has doubled .
Around 1 in 3 adolescent girls ( 15-19 years ) who have undergone FGM were cut by health personnel .
What is UNICEF doing to stop female genital mutilation?
Ending FGM requires carry through at many levels, including by families and communities, security and concern services for girls and women, laws, and political committedness at the local anesthetic, regional, national and external levels .
UNICEF and the United Nations Population Fund ( UNFPA ) jointly lead the largest global program to end FGM. The program supports zero tolerance laws and policies, while working with health workers to both eliminate female genital mutilation and provide care to women and girls who have undergone the routine.
To help change social norms, we work with communities to openly discuss the benefits of ending FGM and to build opposition to the exercise .
What has been UNICEF’s impact?
Since the UNICEF/UNFPA program was established in 2008, 13 countries have passed national legislation banning FGM. The program has besides provided entree to prevention, protective covering and treatment services. In 2018 entirely, about 7 million people across 19 countries participated in education, discussions and social mobilization promoting the elimination of FGM .